ephesians 1 and 2 commentary

He reigns in a domain where only deity belongs. We were dead in sin, but God in his love has made us alive in Christ. Each of us is given a position within the body of Christ, and a Spiritual gift to carry out that position. Saints are believers in the sphere of fellowship and union with Christ, just as a fish has "fellowship" with the water in the tank. It did not imply originally, and in the first place, moral qualities at all, but simply that this person or that thing belonged to God. God is not the Father of every human being but only those who are "born again" (John 3:3). 2:1 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, Eph. Like Romans, Ephesians was not … God’s only truly holy things on earth today are His people, those whom He has sovereignly and graciously set apart for Himself through Jesus Christ. He has therein fastened me with far more stringent bonds of love to the sweet and free service of His redeeming love. For instance, let's consider Ephesians 1:1, 2, 1. S Lewis Johnson - The term “saints” refers to the believer’s standing, rather than to his state, because all believers are saints. And that peace with God is possible only through Christ (Ro 5:1-note). ( King, Guy: Joy Way: An Exposition of the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians, 1952, Christian Literature Crusade ) (Bolding added), William MacDonald makes an interesting observation that, In Christ speaks of their spiritual position. The point is that they aren't saints one day and not saints the next day but are genuine. Ephesus (2181) (Ephesos) means beloved or permitted. He has no desires of his own; the will of Christ is his only law. From governs both objects, God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, Who together form one unit and are placed on a level of equality (co-equality of the Godhead) making this passage a definite affirmation of the deity of Jesus Christ. Ephesians 3:1-6 Missionary to The Gentiles. The abundant life varies in believers according to their individual responses to Jesus Christ. These became the objects of veneration and reverence. Like Romans, Ephesians deals with the most fundamental Christian doctrines. Many, if not most, of these introductions were so casual that we will forget them. It was the conviction that the ministry belongs to the saints, and that the business of a pastor is to help the people find their ministries and to prepare them to function in them, and to discover the excitement of living as Christians where they are, which was formative in the early years of Peninsula Bible Church and is still so strongly emphasized here. NAS = desire(1), desires(1), will(57). But down amongst all the troubles and difficulties and engrossing occupations of our secular work, you may be living saintly lives; for the one condition of being holy is that we should know whose we are and whom we serve, and we can carry the consciousness of belonging to Him into every corner of the poorest, most crowded, and most distracted life, recognising His presence and seeking to do His will The saint is the man who says, ‘O Lord, truly I am Thy servant; Thou hast loosed my bonds.’ Because He has loosed my bonds, the bonds that held me to my sins. The expression in Christ (see also in Christ and in Christ Jesus and in Christ) conveys more of intimacy, acceptance, and security than any human mind can understand. (NASB: Lockman). And you, &c. — In the nineteenth and twentieth verses of the preceding chapter, the apostle had spoken of God’s working in the believers at Ephesus, in order to their conversion, and resurrection from spiritual death to spiritual life, by the same almighty power whereby he … Read the fascinating illustration of peace from a primitive tribesman's perspective... Jim Walton was translating the NT for the Muinane people of La Sabana in the jungles of Colombia. Paul's commission as apostle was God’s will done on earth. Observe who uses this phrase most frequently! Under the New Covenant, however, such holy things as the Temple, priesthood, Ark, and tithes no longer exist. (Read the entire sermon Ephesians 1:1-14: God At Work), John Stott, writes that “The letter to the Ephesians is a marvelously concise, yet comprehensive summary of the Christian good news and its implications. God’s will signifies His gracious disposition toward something. Further, Christian men are saints because they are believers. All Christians must be saints; if they come not under that character on earth, they will never be saints in glory. (Acts 26:16, 17, 18). Saints are people who are beset with struggles and difficulties, who have disturbances at home, and problems at work, and troubles everywhere else. He came to me and challenged me in the writings of St. Paul. Webster says that "Faithful" means firm in adherence to whatever one owes allegiance and implies unswerving adherence to a person or thing or to the oath or promise by which a tie was contracted. (Ep 1:4-note) You see, then, beloved brethren and sisters, the end for which the Lord chose you by his grace.". In the spiritual sense, God is our Eternal Father for when we are saved we are brought into His family... (Jesus) came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. Comment: Notice that Lloyd-Jones' book is only on chapter 1 and is the first of 8 full books he wrote, testifying to the profundity of this 6 chapter epistle! In 2:10, he says that we are now to walk in the good deeds which God prepared beforehand for us. Verses 1-16 (especially verse 1) set the tone for the rest of this letter. Open your heart to the Spirit of Adoption that He may flutter, dove-like, into its depths; and, in the cry Abba, bear witness with your spirit that you are a child of God, and if a child, then a participator in his Grace and Peace. The character and themes of Paul’s letter to the Ephesians. Chicago: Moody Press, King, Guy: Joy Way: An Exposition of the Epistle of Paul to the Philippians, 1952, Christian Literature Crusade, MacDonald, W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson, THE WEALTH WALK AND WARFARE OF THE CHRISTIAN, Expositions of Holy Scripture - Online Bible Download, Romans 1:1; 1Corinthians 1:1; Galatians 1:1, Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1, Eph 6:21; Nu 12:7; Luke 16:10; Acts 16:15; 1Cor 4:12,17; Gal 3:9; Col 1:2; Rev 2:10,13; 17:14, One who then has the responsibility to choose to consecrate themselves daily to God as "living sacrifices" (see, One who is a partaker of the divine nature (2Pe 1:4-, One who continually chooses to abstain from worldly defilement (1Th 4:3-, Romans 1:7; 2Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:3; Titus 1:4. God's will is His inclination of pleasure towards that which is liked, which pleases Him and creates joy. The word "saint" as a designation of a Christian, brings at once to our attention the duty of every believer, that of living a separated life. Therefore it is necessary that of the men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us--beginning with the baptism of John until the day that He was taken up from us--one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection. But Paul classes them all under one category, and describes the whole body of believing people by these two words, which must always go together if either of them is truly applied, ‘saints’ and ‘faithful.’. It was this letter which taught me better than any other passage of Scripture how to understand the strange turbulence I often found in my own heart, the spiritual attacks to which I was subject, and how to deal with my fears and anxieties and my depressions -- where these were coming from, and what to do about them. "Our Need, His Grace" is The Bible Teaching Commentary based on Ephesians 2:1-3. Katheryn Carleial on May 30, 2019 at 7:35 am The two divisions of the book of Ephesians also reflect the initial greeting of grace and peace. The authority of Paul's message did not derive from the messenger but from the Sender. If you will look over the letter, and pick out all the connections in which the expression ‘in Him’ occurs, I think you will be astonished to see how rich and full are its uses, and how manifold the blessings of which it is the condition. Here we have a true classic which will safely guide you down good paths. Some say that Ephesians reads like a commentary on the Pauline letters and probably it has been best termed the crown of Paulinism. Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE SHOULD BOW, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Notice that grace is like the "bookends" of this letter, Paul beginning and ending with a prayer for grace for the saints... Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ with a love incorruptible (a never diminishing love, one not even capable of corrupting!). Thelema has both an objective meaning (“what one wishes to happen” or what is willed) and a subjective connotation (“the act of willing or desiring”). (1Cor 2:13). He knew himself to be “a vessel of choice, to bear the name” (Acts 9:15) of his Lord." The geographical location of these believers is indicated by the expression who are in Colossae (or in Ephesus as is the case in this letter). Your standard Pauline introduction (Ephesians 1:1-2) 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 4:1-16. May you have a fresh draught of it at this time! Crossway Books). (A commentary on the Greek text). Philippi may not have been so utterly debased as Corinth, or Rome, but its atmosphere must have been a subversive influence threatening any who would live pure and true. 3 sermon iii.—ephesians i. Paul is clearly declaring that he did not teach and write by his own authority but by the dual yet totally unified authority of the Son, Christ Jesus, and God the Father ('by the will of God"). Chicago: Moody Press ), William Barclay says "that when Paul spoke of the Christian being in Christ, he meant that the Christian lives in Christ as a bird in the air, a fish in the water, the roots of a tree in the soil. A Christian Scientist is not in Mary Baker Eddy or a Mormon in Joseph Smith or Brigham Young. Fernando was livid because of the mix-up. Continually are what? Posted on April 9, 2017 by gngordon. When they were saved, God placed them in Christ, “accepted in the beloved.” (Ep 1:6-note) Henceforth, they had His life and nature (2Pe 1:4-note). A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. This letter is most practical in that way. So we come back to our glorious truth - in Philippi, but "in Christ"; then even in the midst of the most uncongenial surroundings, the Christ-life can be lived. However, even the believer must rely on spiritual provisions if he is to experience spiritual victories. 1. Kregel. Hetty Green did not enjoy her riches! And you He made alive: The words He made alive are in italics, which indicates that they are added to the text but implied from the context. God's will was the conduit so to speak by which Paul was called to be an apostle. But by the time he had returned, the plane had left. (Ps 110:1).... Like Theos in many places, it is often used without the article when it refers to Christ. Wuest: Paul, an ambassador of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints, the ones who are [in Ephesus], namely, believing ones in Christ Jesus. 4, 5, sermon vi.—ephesians i. Peace (1515) (eirene from eiro = to join or fasten together so as to bind together that which has been broken or divided) conveys the idea of setting at one again. Because we have grace from God we have peace with God (Ro 5:1-note) and can daily experience the peace of God which surpasses all comprehension (Php 4:7-note). 1:1,2. And there, on the dunghill, was this little garden of fragrant and flowering plants. What a beautiful picture of our salvation in Christ of salvation. 3:16; 5:10, 14. That was my encounter with the Cosmic Christ. "By the will of God" - A plan - God has a specific plan for each one of our lives. Ephesians 2:11-22. Ephesians 2:1-2 “ As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.” Are (5607) (eimi = to be) is the present tense participle. Paul identifies the Ephesians as saints nine times (Ep 1:1, 15, 18, 2:19, 3:8, 4:12, 5:3, 6:18-see notes Ep 1:1, 15, 18; 2:19; 3:8, 3:18; 4:12; 5:3; 6:18). Their characteristic is that they are faithful, which means, of course, that they can't quit. Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10 View Bible Text . the believer with the unbeliever); Colossians 1:2+; 1 Timothy 4:3 (“them who are faithful and know, etc. To reiterate, Peter is defining an apostle as a man who had seen the risen Messiah and who was sent forth by Him with His full authority to plant the flag of faith in every community to which His master led him. above the poison. Christians brought from Asia to be flung to lions in arena in Rome, Ignatius called Ephesus the Highway of the Martyrs. Peace is freedom from anxiety, fear, and worry. Greek: charis humin kai eirene apo theou patros hemon kai kuriou Iesou Christou. He is the means by which God gives eternal life to those who obey him (Ephesians 1:7; Romans 3:23-26; 1 John 2:1-2). Our sonship will be illustrated under Ep 1:5. The daily summaries are written by Wayne D. Turner, ... (Ephesians 1:1-2) 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Ephesians 2:1-3 How we Were ’Before’ Salvation. We were dead in our trespasses and sins, filthy with sin as it were, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit we were saved. The term, as Suicer quaintly remarks, refers not to ousia, but to exousia. John Eadie  -The Saviour is characterized as Lord Jesus Christ; “Lord,” Master, or Proprietor. We will have been introduced to thousands of people of the course of a lifetime. The worshipper of the pagan god acquired the character of that pagan god and the religious ceremonies connected with its worship. The need for reconciliation. The way a Christian conducts his life should make him a saint by practice. “He has been exalted,” that every tongue should salute Him as Lord. A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. Mr. Henry was trying to make a point that if we are true believers in Jesus Christ, it will be manifested down here on earth that we are saints. Grace is the fountain out of which peace is the stream. Chapter 1. 3 sermon v.—ephesians i. (Hughes, R. K.: Ephesians: The Mystery of the Body of Christ. Commentary on Ephesians 1 & 2 (eBook) BY THOMAS GOODWIN IN EPUB. 4:16; Philemon 1:8, 20; 1 Pet. In its broadest sense, apostle can refer to all believers, because every believer is sent into the world as a messenger of and witness for Christ (cf Php 2:25-note where "messenger" is apostolos). (A Commentary on the Greek text). Both are attempts at a systematic and rather exhaustive setting forth of the whole Christian view of life and of the world. Paul wrote to believers who were made alive by God’s work. Ephesians includes both a thanksgiving for the community (1:15-23) and for God’s action (1:3-14). They had been “dead in transgressions and sins,” (2:1), but God in his mercy “made (them) alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with him, and made us to sit with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus” (2:5-6). The former has no beginning, the latter has no end.” (John Murray, Redemption Accomplished and Applied (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1955), Apart from Christ our condition is absolutely hopeless. What does the Bible say about faithfulness? ‘Christ for us’ by all means, and for evermore, but ‘Christ in us,’ or else He will not be ‘for us.’. That is really the basic meaning of this word saint. Grace is the unmerited and "free favor and good-will of God, and all the blessed fruits and effects of it" (Matthew Henry). 1:3, 10, 12, 20; 4:32; Phil. Now, what does it mean by that? I don't think there is a more meaningful greeting or significant salutation given to man, than this duet of grace and peace found in all Paul's letters. Peace, is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Shalom—a term of familiar and beautiful significance. Their teachings became the foundation of the church (Eph 2:20-note), and their authority extended beyond local bodies of believers to the entire believing world. The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. (Back to the Bible), Ruth Paxson has divided Ephesians as follows (THE WEALTH WALK AND WARFARE OF THE CHRISTIAN - 145 pages or here). Ephesians 1:2 Context. In the Greek it is a word derived from the word for holy. Hebrew parents often gave their sons a Gentile name in addition to a Jewish one. So in the Old Testament the designation ‘holy’ was applied quite as much to the high priest’s mitre or to the sacrificial vessels of the Temple as it was to the people who used them. In its most basic form, thelema refers to a wish, a strong desire, and the willing of some event. Note, again, that in God’s church there is no aristocracy of sanctity, nor does the name of saint belong only to those who live high above the ordinary tumults of life and the secularities of daily duty. Christ (5547) (Christos from chrio = to rub or anoint, consecrate to an office) refers to the Anointed One and thus is a title of the Messiah, the divine One (fully God) the Jews were looking for and of Whom the OT bore prophetic witness. Common or profane use for divine use permeates the Scriptures depended on this great by! Is often applied to Jesus Christ. Mark that little water-spider going down to the theocratic intimations of lifetime., you are in Christ as Savior and some seven hundred times as Lord. Jensen. Way a Christian own ways and standards on their state of heathenism hemon kai Iesou... The faithful ’ are not two sets of people of the pagan God the. The person ’ s spiritual warfare Ephesus were a synonym for magical books these introductions were casual... Resulting in the ability of another to perform a certain task a wish, strong... Ceremonial book — namely, the ceremonial book — namely, the great revolutionary... 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