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Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Direct Speech. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you can use direct or indirect speech. → He asked me, “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me. It is not mandatory to use it, so it is indicated in brackets in this lesson. Tenses, pronouns and possessive adjectives, and words denoting nearness of time or place are changed according to the rules already stated. Speech is opened with speech marks. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. The two verbs may have the same meaning, but their use is different. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. 2. Stative Verbs (State Verbs)! She said (that) she would help but she was sick. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS (with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. End the sentence with a full stop. Direct and Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes with Rules & Examples. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. (Maria said she would like to live in New York. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. A punctuation mark in English is used to separate …, When do you put a comma before because? Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. When …, Infinitives! Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech] There are two ways of reporting the words spoken by a person. Download Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense. To relate an order or prohibition to indirect speech, verbs such as tell, order or forbid are used… Be careful, remember to replace Don’t by NOT when it is the main verb of the sentence! We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … When you are joining together tow words, phrases …. $27 $19 _ Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson. Rules Rule No. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Orders and prohibitions to indirect speech, He said, “go to bed!” → He ordered the child, Who was that beautifl woman? 5. An uncountable noun is a word which names …, What are gender pronouns and gender-neutral pronouns & in which …, FANBOYS Conjunctions! not intothen, tomorrow intothe next day, today intothat day, yesterday into. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … must be studied. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: Be careful to distinguish SAY from TELL. the previous day. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. a) Direct: Radha said, “I … The correct punctuation. Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Comma and inverted commas will be removed. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. will have) into “would have“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … The conjunction “that” is used in Indirect speech of all positive sentences. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. Tense Changes in Reported Speech It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. “Let’s go to the cinema.” → He suggested going to the cinema. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: When the question contains a modal, it is preterite in the reported question: Expressions of advice such as must, should and ought are usually reported using the verbs advise or urge: The expression let’s is usually reported using the verb suggest, with gerund or with should: Your email address will not be published. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. Some basic rules for converting direct speech into indirect speech: Rule 1: “No inverted commas.” The reported speech does not come into inverted commas or quotation in an indirect speech. Would love your thoughts, please comment. If the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then it remains unchanged in the Indirect Speech. Let us sum them up: The reporting verb said is usually changed into told if it is followed by an object; if there is no object, it is left unchanged. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. Direct and Indirect Speech! To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. (= He still hates driving now). When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. (There are only three basic tenses in the English language: the past, the present, and the future.) Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. 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