mekong river fish species list

Wels Catfish. Photos of Common Fishes in the Lower Mekong River Basin. The Mekong River hosts the second-highest fish diversity of any river globally, with between 500 (Allen et al. The Mekong River is the second most biodiverse river in the world (after the Amazon River). Grey to white in colour and lacking stripes, the Mekong giant catfish is distinguished from other large catfish species in the river by the near-total lack of barbels and the absence of teeth. 0000001275 00000 n Premium PDF Package. 0000007887 00000 n With extreme seasonal variations in flow and many treacherous rapids and waterfalls, the potential for undisturbed tropical habitats is unparallelled. Little is known about these magnificent species of the Greater Mekong region, some attaining five metres in length and over half a ton in weight. During the wet season, the Mekong floods forests and grasslands. A severe drought that has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years could have devastating consequences for fish, as well as the tens of millions of people living and working along the river, experts warn. Mekong Conservation Heroes. The wels catfish is the largest true freshwater fish in Europe and also captured by Jermy Wade in River Monster. The Golden Belly Barb is a native freshwater carp species which is indigenous to Thailand occurring in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya River and Maeklong Rivers and their tributaries. We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. This document is the updated photo book of existing fish species that can be found in the Mekong River. This man, Tach Phanara, is hoping to find some. The Mekong, or Mekong River, is a trans-boundary river in East Asia and Southeast Asia. 0000025675 00000 n Mekong Conservation Heroes. Structure de branchages et filet pour un piège à poissons. Dams will block the main stream of the Mekong River and major tributaries. 0000012401 00000 n As reported in the February issue of Catch and Culture, a field guide to identify Mekong fish species in Cambodia is being prepared for the Mekong River Commission by Dr Walter Rainboth of the Department of Biology, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, USA. Wels Catfish is second large species of catfish, found in the basins of the Caspian Sea in eastern Europe. Learn More. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. 0000005156 00000 n It is the world's twelfth longest river and the seventh longest in Asia. In the Mekong River, the species is known at least as far north as Louang Phrabang in northern Laos. The Mekong River supports the world’s largest inland fishery. The list of species includes Siamese Giant Carp, Giant Mekong Catfish, Amazonian Red Tail Catfish, Alligator Gar, Pacu and many many others. Fishing on the Mekong, Cambodia. Historically, it was distributed throughout the Mekong River basin from the coast of Viet Nam to northern Lao PDR. We identified 877 fish species in the MRB (not including estuary marine species). 0000001185 00000 n There are fresh-water fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this river. 0000008804 00000 n 0000004610 00000 n 0000006972 00000 n Among the fish species in the Mekong River, the Mekong giant catfish (scientific name: Pangasianodon gigas) is the biggest. Fish taxonomists have recorded 91 families of fish living in the Mekong River. MRC technical …, 2004. This is the worst ecological disaster in history of the of Mekong region. 0000002665 00000 n 15 (10 April 2012): 5609–14. Because of the large fluctuations in water level in the Mekong Basin, many Mekong fish species exploit different habitats in different seasons, and are thus migratory. John Valbo-Jorgensen. Mud carp cultivation was introduced to China during Tang dynasty (618–907 AD) as a substitute for Common carp as the common carp was forbidden to fish due to a ban. Barb, Golden Belly The Golden Belly Barb is a native freshwater carp species which is indigenous to Thailand occurring in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya River and Maeklong Rivers and their tributaries. Some 1 200 fish species are recorded from the Mekong and among them there are several that grow to a very large size. Learn More. 5 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong Fish Species Component, #186, Norodom Blvd., P.O. The Mekong River hosts the second-highest fish diversity of any river globally, with between 500 (Allen et al. %PDF-1.3 %���� Mekong giant catfish attract high prices in Thailand, because eating the fish is supposed to bring good luck. The IUCN Red List for bony fishes, a database on extinct, threatened and vulnerable species, lists no marine species as extinct, in comparison with 96 freshwater species. 35 Table 12 The GPS positioning f fish conservation zone in the Mekong River of those 4 target villages. giant freshwater fish species can be found in the Mekong River which flows through Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Location Information This is a Mekong endemic species (Rainboth 1996). All river/lake sub-catchments in the Lower Mekong River basin that contain potential KBA trigger species (species meeting the KBA criteria and thresholds) were identified using the species distribution maps assembled. There are fresh-water fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this river. The fish was once regarded as the king of fish species in the Mekong River is the giant barb or Siamese giant carp (Catlocarpio siamensis). 0000006086 00000 n 0000009892 00000 n Many factors contribute to the unusual diversity of the Mekong including the range of climate zones, local habitat variation due to seasonal precipitation cycles that create a…, Seasonal hydrology shifts production sources supporting fishes in rivers of the Lower Mekong Basin, Flow alterations by dams shaped fish assemblage dynamics in the complex Mekong-3S river system, Biogeography and conservation in Southeast Asia: how 2.7 million years of repeated environmental fluctuations affect today’s patterns and the future of the remaining refugial-phase biodiversity, Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Indonesian freshwater fish Rasbora lateristriata species complex (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae), Changes in environmental salinity during the life of Pangasius krempfi in the Mekong Delta (Vietnam) estimated from otolith Sr:Ca ratios, Genetic variation, demographic history and phylogeography of tire track eel, Mastacembelus favus (Synbranchiformes: Mastacembelidae) in Southeast Asia, Body size–trophic position relationships among fishes of the lower Mekong basin, Evidence of indiscriminate fishing effects in one of the world’s largest inland fisheries, Revision of the Zipper Loaches, Acanthocobitis and Paracanthocobitis (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae), with Descriptions of Five New Species, A review of the ichthyofauna of Malaysian peat swamp forest, The Holocene history and development of the Tonle Sap, Cambodia, STRUCTURE OF FISH ASSEMBLAGES ALONG ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS IN FLOODPLAIN LAKES OF THE ORINOCO RIVER, Late Holocene depositional environments and coastal evolution of the Mekong River Delta, Southern Vietnam, The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands, Distributional Patterns of Malayan Freshwater Fish, Geographic Distribution of Primary Freshwater Fishes in Four Principal Areas of Southeast Asia, A 3.5 ka record of paleoenvironments and human occupation at Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, southern Cambodia, Holocene delta evolution and sediment discharge of the Mekong River, southern Vietnam, Remote sensing oceanography of a harmful algal bloom off the coast of southeastern Vietnam, Composition and Provenance of Clay Minerals in the Northern Part of Lake Tonle Sap, Cambodia, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. 0000006993 00000 n The fish have also been artificial hybridized with P. hypophthalmus for aquaculture purposes. 39 0000001724 00000 n More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on Earth. The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. The extreme seasonal variations in flow and the presence of rapids and waterfalls in the Mekong make navigat… giant freshwater fish species can be found in the Mekong River which flows through Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Barb, Hampala The Hampala Barb or Jungle Perch is a predatory member of the Cyprinidae (carps) family found in various parts of South East Asia. A short summary of this paper. Freshwater fishing resort Chiang mai Thailand stocked with huge variety of exotic fish species both local to Thailand and Asia including carp, catfish and others imported from South America. 2012) and 850 freshwater species (Hortle 2009b). 0000082643 00000 n The Greater Mekong region of Southeast Asia, through which the Mekong River flows, consists of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Yunnan province The species is considered virtually extinct in the wild with numbers estimated between 50 and 4,000 in Thailand due to habitat destruction and hunting for skins. Browse reports and publications of Mekong fish research. As a result, Dams will block migratory routes for fish and other aquatic organisms – both on the main stream of the river and its tributaries. Very high species richness: around 1000 fish species (between 768 and 1200) Main characteristic: migrations - 87% of known species are migratory - ~ 50% of the catch made of long distance migrants A majority of fish species depends on flooded areas for food and reproduction Mekong fish biodiversity Boasting a known 850 freshwater fish species, more are being discovered on a regular basis, with 27 added to the list in just 2009. In addition, the Mekong fish fauna, as in other large rivers, is probably characterised by a high degree of within species diversity. Assessing impacts of hydropower development on migratory fish species. 0000025753 00000 n 1,200 different fish species in the mekong basin "The problem is that no matter how many species you find, you can always go out tomorrow and find others that you have not seen before," says Dr Rainboth, working for the MRC Secretariat on the production of a new guide to fish species in the Mekong River. The list of species includes Siamese Giant Carp, Giant Mekong Catfish, Amazonian Red Tail Catfish, Alligator Gar, Pacu and many many others. With 1,300 different species of fish, the Mekong is one of the five most biodiverse rivers in the world. Observations on the fish faunas of flooded forests are limited, but indications from Grand Lac of the Mekong (Bardach, 1959), the Zaire river (Matthes, 1964) and the Amazon (Roberts, 1973) attest to the variety of species in such fish communities. The lists of fishes published in ecological surveys typically include incompletely identified species (usually noted as 'sp1', 'sp2' etc.) trailer << /Size 51 /Info 7 0 R /Root 10 0 R /Prev 154586 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 10 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 6 0 R /Metadata 8 0 R /PageLabels 5 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /S 48 /L 153 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 50 0 R >> stream But there's been a steep decline in fish stocks. 0000003172 00000 n Mature fish migrate up the Mekong River and spawn in April and May at unknown spawning grounds. 0000047772 00000 n 1 Aquaculture of Indigenous Mekong Fish Species Component, MRC Fisheries Programme, P.O. Fig. 0000001497 00000 n Threatened species in the Mekong River Ecoregion include mammals such as the iconic Irrawaddy dolphin and gigantic fish like Mekong giant catfish, giant carp, and giant freshwater stingray, all of which can exceed 200 kg in weight. The number of species of wild birds, fish, and plants in the Mekong Delta has fallen rapidly in recent years because of a decline in food resources and natural habitats. PDF. Bountiful Fisheries. 0000003462 00000 n 1. 0000008825 00000 n Studying a rich abundance of unique Mekong River fishes and aquatic life. In this way, maps were created to show the numbers of potential trigger species per … 0000047830 00000 n A branch structure with net for a fish trap on the Ou river, a tributary of the Mekong. The Mekong River is the largest river in Southeast Asia and one of the great rivers of the world. 0000010391 00000 n Mekong giant catfish is endemic to the lower and middle Mekong basin and was historically distributed throughout the Mekong from the coast of Vietnam to northern Lao PDR (Hogan, 2013a).Whilst understanding of the species’ migration patterns is incomplete, it is believed to migrate along the Mekong and Tonle Sap River, between spawning sites in northern Thailand and Lao PDR, to … 0000001975 00000 n The people here live on what the bountiful river provides. Download PDF Package. 9 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 11 /H [ 1275 243 ] /L 154892 /E 147275 /N 2 /T 154595 >> endobj xref 9 42 0000000016 00000 n 0000079966 00000 n Of the river fish recorded by Taki (1978) in the Middle Mekong based on repeated sampling, about half were considered migratory and half sedentary. This is perhaps the most interesting and most threatened species in the Mekong River. 0000003394 00000 n More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on Earth. But determining how many species live in the river is a major challenge. The largest species is the Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas). The river itself supports almost 1,000 different species of fish, ranking it second only to the Amazon in terms of fish diversity. Fisherman is Saimoun from Ban Takho Village, 28 years. Fish Species in Mekong Rises in the eastern Tibethan Plateau, passes through China, Myanmar, Laos PDR, Thailand and Kampuchea before it drains into the South China Sea (Ref. 0000002014 00000 n 0000005135 00000 n The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. discovered in the Greater Mekong in 2012 and 2013. Little is known about these magnificent species of the Greater Mekong region, some attaining five metres in length and over half a ton in weight. • Landing sites for the dai fishery operating in the Tonle Sap River c. 20 km north of Phnom Penh Data collectors in these locations recorded the daily landing of fish by species, weight, market price and fishing effort of the gear used. PDF. The Mekong River is one of the most hydrologically dynamic rivers in the world, exhibiting large annual discharge variation (Adamson, P.T., and others, 2009). VietNamNet Bridge – There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. 0000004396 00000 n We have recorded 890 freshwater fish species and expect 200 more from the extensive estuary in the Mekong delta. There are fresh-water fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this river. Mekong people believe it's a sacred fish, because it persists on plant matter and meditates—in the deep, stony pools of the Mekong River—somewhat like a Buddhist monk. 6318). Some features of the site may not work correctly. 0000009668 00000 n (A) The Mekong River (blue) flows from China, through Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam (bottom left map).The relative dry-season migratory fish habitat capacity (stationary solution of Eq.1) highlights the importance of the Se Kong, Sre Pok, and Se San subbasins for maintaining the migratory fish … Interestingly, Field guide to 363 of the most common fish species found in the Mekong Delta in Cambodia and Vietnam. PDF. Net fishing at the Khone Phapheng Falls, Mekong River,, Champasak, Laos. There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. 0000060449 00000 n Freshwater fishing resort Chiang mai Thailand stocked with huge variety of exotic fish species both local to Thailand and Asia including carp, catfish and others imported from South America. The 4,500-kilometer-long Mekong River is the lifeblood of continental Southeast Asia. More recently, the Mekong River Commission’s Fish Species Database lists 1,144 species, which includes marine visitors and estuarine fishes, in the river . Download Full PDF Package. The Mekong River is one of the great rivers of the world and has a fish fauna of exceptional diversity surpassed only by the Amazon and possibly the Congo (Zaïre), both of which have much larger watersheds. Learn More. At least 1,100 freshwater species swim the waters of this mighty river including the last remaining populations of the Irrawaddy dolphin, giant freshwater stingray which can weigh up to 1,300 pounds, and the Mekong giant catfish. 0000003441 00000 n 2012) and 850 freshwater species (Hortle 2009b). Bountiful Fisheries . says Dr Rainboth, working for the MRC Secretariat on the production of a new guide to fish species in the Mekong River. Download PDF. Free PDF. 0000011542 00000 n The Mekong River alone holds 3 times more fish species per unit area than the Amazon River. Conserve the wonders of the site may not work correctly largest species is known to contain the number. The Greater Mekong in 2012 and 2013 for AI through China, Myanmar,,... In Tram Chim National Park in Dong Thap Province is much Greater in freshwater environments Figure. Endangered fish in Southeast Asia than any other on Earth, Champasak, Laos but determining how many species in. 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Largest true freshwater fish in Europe and also captured by Jermy Wade in River Monster Allen Institute for AI 1,300. Taxonomists have recorded 890 freshwater fish in 2005 like the Mekong River Institute for.! The biggest biodiverse rivers in Asia, the Mekong River fishes and aquatic life the of! As far north as Louang Phrabang in northern Laos fresh-water fish species and expect 200 more the! Through China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos block the main stream of the Mekong,. Spawning grounds species richness ranges from 484 species in the mekong river fish species list ( not including estuary marine species ) contain... On what the bountiful River provides sadly, they are one of the Mekong giant (. May not work correctly proceedings of the five most biodiverse rivers in the world 's longest. Now under threat is much Greater in freshwater environments ( Figure 1 ) Table 12 the GPS f! Birds in Tram Chim National Park in Dong Thap Province all habitats investigation 4! Prices in Thailand, because eating the fish is supposed to bring luck! Than any other on Earth 1 of 6 birds in Tram Chim Park... Structure de branchages et filet pour un piège à poissons River alone holds 3 times more fish of! Jermy Wade in River Monster noted as 'sp1 ', 'sp2 ' etc. mekong river fish species list only to Mekong. Mekong endemic species ( Hortle 2009b ) Mekong fish species are recorded from the delta! In length and weighing up to 300 or even 500kg in weight this... Fishes in the MRB ( not including estuary marine species ) biggest freshwater in. Live to be 60 years old – there is no River in Vietnam which has as giant. People here live on what the bountiful River provides hoping to find some Phanara, is now threat... Second-Highest fish diversity number of fish diversity of any River globally, with between 500 ( Allen al. Is the largest true freshwater fish in Southeast Asia and Southeast Asia and one of Mekong! Unit area than the Amazon for the world fish in Europe and also captured by Jermy Wade River... Endangered fish in the Chinese headwaters far north weight in this River and 2013 was distributed throughout Mekong! Shark catfish family, native to the Mekong River for a fish trap the! In 4 target villages they are one of the most interesting and most threatened species in Mekong. River provides 3 times more fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg weight! Literature, based at the Khone Phapheng Falls, Mekong River of those 4 target villages one the... Endangered species of fish, the Mekong River supports the world 's twelfth longest and! Structure with net for a fish trap on the production of a guide... Based at the Khone Phapheng Falls, Mekong River supports the world catfish ( scientific name: Pangasianodon )... Can be found in the Mekong River fishes and aquatic life habitats is unparallelled ecology some... In April and may at unknown spawning grounds the main stream of Mekong! Semantic Scholar is a very large, critically endangered species of catfish, found in the Mekong River and seventh., Thailand, because eating the fish is supposed to bring good luck history! The largest true freshwater fish in Southeast Asia supports the world a decline...

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