Found 429 words containing voc. The VOC (in Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) was established in 1602 as a chartered company, whose goal was to trade with Mughal India, where the majority of Europe’s cotton and silk in this period originated from. And in a world where international power is still glamorised and coveted, it is understandable (if not excusable) that a lot of people want to nostalgically hold on to the memory of the VOC. What did you already know about the VOC? VOC. Generally VOC’s are required for machines like excavators and skid steers that no longer require a high risk work licence, but you could be asked to have a VOC on any type of machine or equipment, depending on the site rules. Image: Slavery was a crucial part of the VOC’s operation. Example sentences from the Web for voc. They got everything you'd ever need, and did not know to ask. The VOC creates the shareholding system (and also global capitalism). Part of the reason this process of reckoning is taking so long is that for a lot of Dutch people, the VOC’s trading prowess coincided, and in part caused, the “Golden Age” of the Dutch Republic to occur. I am not a businessperson, but this is unequivocally a bad idea. Get the top VOC abbreviation related to Networking. ), Here’s how to bring in the New Year in the Netherlands 2020-2021: lockdown edition, Dutch primary school proves to be a breeding ground for the mutated COVID-19 strain, Relaxation of corona measures only possible in mid-February, says RIVM director, Where can you get vaccinated against coronavirus in the Netherlands? Finally, there was what could be termed a mathematical problem: the VOC paid its shareholders dividends in excess of the profits they made from 1730 onwards. In the early 1600s, the VOC became the first company to be listed on the stock exchange. A slave-trading enterprise? After reading it, I was thinking that it might be a nice addition to add a few paragraphes on the VOC/NL in Japan and how that relationship unfolded, as it is quite different how that situation unfolded. In Adjectives beginning with a Labial or a Palatal, the aspirated form alone is used in the gen. and voc. In their operations in South Africa, the VOC specifically transported slaves from other regions to exploit while building their colony. They encouraged divisions between the different kingdoms in the Indonesian archipelago (again, you’ve undoubtedly heard of the phrase divide and conquer before), and took part in two wars against the kings of Mataram and Banten. But the Khoikhoi were truly defeated by the arrival of smallpox on the shores of South Africa- a familiar story to anyone well versed in the history of colonisation. However, its use of slaves really picked up when it took control of the Cape in South Africa. Some have distinct odors, or aren’t concentrated enough for … The case of the relatives of colonial victims in Indonesia will be heard in court. In September 1998, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established national VOC-content limits for 24 categories of consumer products, including such things as hairsprays, deodorants, air fresheners, and household cleaners. Quite an ambitious move, considering that the Spanish had the force of half of Europe behind them, considering how much of the continent they controlled at the time. The truth is that it was all these things, and more. Soon after, in 1795, the territory was ceded to the British, when the Netherlands was invaded during the Napoleonic Wars. Possible VOC meaning as an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to category. We're constantly hunting for the latest, greatest, and most Dutch spots for our readers. The VOC is considered the first modern multinational company, and first made use of many of the features we associate with modern corporations: think shareholders, corporate identity, legal personhood, separation of ownership and management, and so on. War, different illnesses from different parts of the world, malnutrition and some nice venereal diseases killed plenty of VOC staff. Let us know in the comments below! Looking for the definition of VOC? But when we’re considering the VOC as an entity, we also need to look at what was surrounding it at the time. Slowly, though, the VOC’s plans for expansion became apparent: their transportation of slaves (more on this below!) Universities have begun the complicated process of decolonising their curricula, and the Amsterdam Museum has made the decision to drop the phrase “Golden Age” from its permanent exhibition texts. A business? 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? How did such a transnational company work in the age before instant communication? In general, the Netherlands’ colonial history has received a lot of attention over the last decade. For much of the seventeenth century, the number of slaves in the Cape remained low- about 1000 at a time. This, along with its worldwide reach and transnational employees, is among the reasons the VOC is viewed as a forerunner of modern-day multinational corporations. And the financial bounty had to be good, because we’re talking about a fairly dangerous time for travelling the world. Not all of these locations were the sites of permanent settlements or even permanent trading posts: but listing them all here gives us a sense of how massive this company was. Learn how your comment data is processed. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) are chemicals that vaporize (become a gas) at room temperature, and are the leading cause of ground-level air pollution (also known as “smog”). Because of the weird space the VOC occupied- part company, part state- its trade objectives often aligned with military objectives. But a lot of the time, it’s not entirely clear what this company was, what it did, and whether we should be proud or ashamed of it. The Latin root word voc and its variant vok both mean “call.” This podcast’s “calling” will most certainly increase your vocabulary!. From the annual Zwarte Piet debates to the Mauritshuis’ decision to take down the bust of its colonial founder, the country is slowly (very slowly) coming to terms with its past. Invoke Vocabulary. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, the publisher cannot accept responsibility for omissions and errors. What is my risk of VOC exposure? What does VOC stand for in Environment? Commanders of Dutch East India ships in … 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Paints, varnishes, and waxes all have volatile organic compounds, which, as its name implies, can be harmful. Volatile Organic Compounds, or VOCs, are common chemical compounds that have a high vapor pressure at room temperature, meaning they evaporate at high rates inside. Accessed 31 Dec. 2020. However, city water also will have VOC levels, though you will not see them in high abundance. It was, in fact, far more than a company- it was also a war machine. What does VOC stand for in Networking? vocabulary (n.) 1530s, "list of words with explanations," from Medieval Latin vocabularium "a list of words," from Latin vocabulum "word, name, noun," from vocare "to name, call," which is related to vox (genitive vocis) "voice" (from PIE root *wekw-"to speak"). “Voc.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/voc. For VOC we have found 209 definitions. This meant that other companies were making faster journeys and providing fresher goods- never a good thing. It had just declared its independence from Spain in 1581, forming the Dutch Republic. The EPA regulates 23 volatile organic compounds, meaning city water suppliers are required to monitor these. Colonisation in the Dutch East Indies is a really intriguing topic, because when you boil it down, “true” colonisation of the area only began once the VOC failed financially and was nationalised in an attempt to save it. For example, in Jakarta, then known as Batavia by the Dutch, the VOC began to grow cash crops there in the early seventeenth century. Excerpt from “Volatile Organic Compounds” Definition per 40 CFR Part 51.100 (s): " Volatile organic compounds (VOC) means any compound of carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions. Verification of Conformity. Furthermore, the control of its Asian trading posts was massively weakened. Museums have begun the process of returning stolen objects to their countries of origin. Sounds nice and simple, but the VOC soon became the very first conglomerate company: which is a fancy way of saying they did a bunch of different things (like shipbuilding, slave trading, and colonisation) under the same company name. If you’ve been living in the Netherlands for a couple of months, or you have some knowledge of this flat country, you’ll have heard of the VOC, or the Dutch East India Company. Find out what is the full meaning of VOC on Abbreviations.com! Batavia: Een koloniale samenleving in de 17de eeuw – Hendrik Niemeijer. *. The executive directorate of the VOC was called the Heeren Sewentien or the "Lords Seventeen". Editor’s Note: This article was originally published on December 2019, and was fully updated July 2020 for your reading pleasure. VOC is a way to gather evidence that an operator’s skills are up to an acceptable standard. After the VOC collapsed in 1800 (more on this later) the VOC’s trading posts and colonies in the Indonesian archipelago became nationalised as the Dutch East Indies. As a historian, I firmly believe that it’s wrong to ignore how things in the past have shaped the present day. A force for colonisation? In 2006, the then-prime minister Jan Pieter Balkenende coined the term “VOC mentality” in a speech about Dutch commercial thinking and innovation. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Most of the slaves who ended up in the Cape came from either East Africa, or the VOC’s territories in the Dutch East Indies. (1) This includes any such organic … In the Cape, colonisation took place over almost two centuries. Thank you for sharing with a part of awesome Dutch history. VOC Stands For: All acronyms (209) Airports & Locations Business & Finance (5) Common (6) Government & Military (17) … Along the coast from Surat to Calcutta, VOC factories and warehouses covered a far larger area than the company controlled in the East Indies archipelago. According to APICS the definition of VOC is: Actual customer descriptions in words for the functions and features customers desire for goods and services. In the strict definition, as relates to quality function deployment (QFD), the term customer indicates the external customer of the supplying entity. Networking VOC abbreviation meaning defined here. Dutch Colonialism, Migration and Cultural Heritage – Gert Oostindie, Dutch South Africa: Early Settlers at the Cape – John Hunt, Four hundred years on: the public commemoration of the founding of the VOC in 2002 – Leonard Blussé. Over the next century, it expanded its operations to Mauritius and South Africa, as well as Indonesia, India, Taiwan, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. The Company had a federal character, comprising six chambers. Given that the VOC was so big, you would imagine that its end would have been quite catastrophic to the status of the Netherlands worldwide. © 2019 All Rights Reserved. It got into conflict with the British East India Company, for obvious reasons: they were both going for the same thing. This only makes the question of how it held itself together more interesting. Wars also played a role in the colonisation of different areas: in South Africa, a prolonged, low-level conflict with the local Khoikhoi population eventually resulted in Khoikhoi society breaking down, and the expansion of European settlements in the area. Information and translations of history in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions … All material on this website (DutchReview) is strictly copyright and all rights reserved. Meaning of history. It was from the islands that the VOC obtained most of its spices: salt, pepper, nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon. Besides catering to her army of pannenkoekenplantjes, Ailish spends her days convincing her friends that all food is better slightly burnt, plotting ways to hang out with dogs and cats, and of course, writing for DutchReview. VOC abbreviation for volatile organic compound: one of a number of chemicals, including benzene and acetone, that evaporate or vaporize readily and are harmful to human health and the environment … There were a bunch of problems with how the VOC operated in Asia- a couple of which had been advantageous to it in the early days. In contrast, the English East India Company would trade directly between Europe and, for example, China. The VOC was, frankly put, a terrible employer (like many modern-day multinational companies): it offered low wages and forbade its staff to engage in private trading, meaning they had no opportunity to increase their wages legally. From 1799, the VOC’s contract was not renewed, and it ceased to exist. For example in 1667, when the Treaty of Breda was signed, ending the war with Britain, the VOC acquired sole control over the nutmeg trade. In Asia, the VOC mainly used local slaves or at least slaves from the region. Learn a new word every day. part of a patient's medical history in which questions are asked in an attempt to find out whether the patient has hereditary tendencies toward particular diseases anamnesis , medical history , medical record In the eighteenth century, this number jumped to about 17,000 as the international slave trade increased. 'Volatile Organic Compound' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company) VOC. We know 209 definitions for VOC abbreviation or acronym in 7 categories. Low-VOC or zero-VOC paints typically contain VOC content of less than 5 grams per liter. Or use our Unscramble word solver to find your best possible play! By the late seventeenth century, the VOC had become deeply embroiled in the internal politics of Jakarta, despite their initial intentions to not get involved in domestic affairs. As much as modern-day corporations like Google and Shell have way too much power, the VOC was a whole different level. One problem was that it brought all the goods it traded between Asia and Europe first to its trading posts in Asia to be sorted or stored. Because the population was mostly male, it had to be constantly renewed with new slaves. The story of the VOC is complicated, and this is not an exhaustive history of it (if you want that, buy a book- or ten). Dutch East India Company, byname of United East India Company, Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, trading company founded in the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands) in 1602 to protect that state’s trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in the Dutch war of independence from Spain. In 1713 the disease arrived, and it killed off 90 percent of the Khoikhoi. To safeguard these crops, the VOC also took over the surrounding territory, increasing their power in the area. We can see this as a clear move from trading in the spices they had a monopoly on to growing crops they could also make a profit on from land that was not theirs. After realising that if they annoyed this group, they could easily be kicked out, they decided on importing slaves from Mauritius and the Dutch East Indies. Of course, many of them did: the VOC suffered huge amounts of corruption among its employees, mostly because making the journey to Asia wouldn’t have been financially worth it for them without this extra income. What was happening in the Netherlands when the VOC was in operation? The VOC also took part in slavery and slave trading during its two hundred years of activity. In this article, we’re taking a deep dive into the world of the VOC. From its inception, it exploited workers in the East Indies, sometimes engaging in slavery. In 1780, the fourth Anglo-Dutch War began, and half of the VOC’s fleet was destroyed. Here’s all you need to know, Rotterdam police force under investigation for racism following violent arrest. Great article! One of the problems with how the VOC is talked about in the Netherlands is that people aren’t really sure what it was. for the "voice of customer". The website may provide links to other websites on the Internet, the content of which is not in our control. This collection of innovations meant that the VOC could mobilise wealth in a way that only monarchies could before, giving it the sort of unprecedented power we see massive companies like Google and Shell making use of today. Elements of Gaelic Grammar | Alexander Stewart The name Voc is that of a species of bird (Cakchiquel Vaku). What do you need to know about the Netherlands? If you are dissatisfied with the website or any content or materials on it, your sole exclusive remedy is to discontinue your use of the website. But the presence of the VOC heightened the demand for slave labour, so just because slave labour was part of life in some Asian countries before their presence, the VOC is not absolved of guilt. Until the 1780s, the Dutch East India Company ( VOC) was the largest organisation in the shipping traffic between Europe and Asia. The VOC was a forerunner of global companies we see today. A VOC is an organic substance which can be vaporized by small changes in temperature or pressure. Outside, a VOC can dissipate rather quickly; indoors, it disperses much slower, meaning anyone subjected to that indoor space is inhaling concentrated chemicals. ; What does VOC mean? In Indonesia, there were three wars between the Dutch and the Javanese at times of succession, as the VOC tried to increase their influence in the area by placing their people at the top. If you have found material on this website which is copyrighted by others, please contact the webmaster on this matter in order to have it removed. The VOC was a huge part of how the Dutch Republic functioned for almost two hundred years. The definition of a VOC according to wikipedia is "Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature. However, as time progressed into the eighteenth century, cracks began to show in the VOC’s commercial prowess. At first, this minimal presence was accepted by the local population: the settlement at the Cape acted much more as a trading hub than a colony. Verification Of Coverage (insurance) showing only Business & Finance definitions ( show all 45 definitions) Note: We have 116 other definitions for VOC in our Acronym Attic. The VOC and the exchange – Henk den Heijer et al. Quickly, the Dutch government gave it a 21-year monopoly on the spice trade with South Asian countries, and the company took off from there. to the colony was just one symptom of their plans to settle a large colony of Europeans there. Low-VOC is a general term that refers to a wide range of VOC contents that are much lower than conventional products that contain VOCs. VOC stands for volatile organic compound any of several chemical additives found in numerous consumer products, from gasoline and glue to correction fluid and colored markers. It doesnât require balancing a ball on your nose. At first, Dutch settlers in South Africa were massively outnumbered by the local Khoikhoi population: for context, there were 200 Europeans and about 20,000 Khoikhoi. Put simply, the Netherlands was under threat. By the end of the eighteenth century, Khoikhoi society had disintegrated, and there were 20,000 Europeans living at the Cape. In 1641, through the Battle of Malacca, the VOC took control of Malacca from the Portuguese, thus increasing their domination of the area. The VOC’s wealth (adjusted for inflation) was enormous. This was a time when a very small country held superpower status over much of the world and fended off its much larger and better-equipped enemies in Spain through controlling other parts of the world. Over two hundred years, the VOC brought the Netherlands international power and wealth, while exploiting local populations, creating colonies, and trading in human beings. What made you want to look up voc? We’re going to tell you when it started, what it did, how it ended, and what that means for the Netherlands today. Even cosmetics, mothballs, air fresheners and household cleaning supplies contain VOCs. Ashley: This place is VOC friendly. It basically formed Amsterdam as a financial capital of the contemporary world. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. A massive company like the VOC naturally attracted attention- and because of its dominance in international trade, that attention was mainly negative. Although states are allowed to set more stringent limits on consumer products sold within their borders, California is the only state that has done so as of this date.VOC-content limits for consu… Where did the Dutch East India Company operate? As we have already mentioned, the VOC started off operating in India, and in South Asia in general. Eventually, things would have to change. It also affects what we have in our museums, and what lines the national coffers. except those designated by EPA as having negligible photochemical reactivity2 VOCs react with nitrogen oxides – particularly on hot summer days – to form smog. Voc Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and … VOC is a method of capturing the needs and desires of the customer to assure customers get high quality services or products. Slaves mostly were taken from Ceylon, Madagascar and Malaya. The VOC had powers that a corporation today would hopefully never have: it was given the power to wage war, to take and execute prisoners, to coin money, to negotiate treaties, and to establish colonies. Good article!! He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. It did all of this. Let’s just say that again: the VOC decided to pay its shareholders more than it made. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Vendor of Choice. High VOCs are more apt to be found in groundwater well supplies than they are in city water. VOC the abrev. This doesn’t mean, though, that what we intuitively consider colonisation wasn’t taking place before this nationalisation process, though. What was the VOC? After realising that the backbreaking work of establishing a settlement there would need to be done by slaves, the VOC deliberated over enslaving the local Khoikhoi population, which vastly outnumbered them. VOCs can be natural or man-made, and are found in the air. The VOC is a crucial part of Dutch history. Did we miss anything? A lot of people were offended by this association of the VOC with purely positive characteristics- without acknowledging the harm it caused over its two centuries of operation. In 1604, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began trading in India. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? You have entered an incorrect email address! Volatile Organic Compounds, or VOCs, are organic emissions from products we use every day. The VOC was granted a government charter, which effectively guaranteed it the right to the spice trade monopoly in East Asia. Delivered to your inbox! The Dutch East India Company explained. A force for bureaucracy in the world? The VOC (in Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) was established in 1602 as a chartered company, whose goal was to trade with Mughal India, where the majority of Europe’s cotton and silk in this period originated from. In 1814, after the Congress of Vienna, some of the Netherlands’ territories in Asia were returned to it, and these became colonies of the Netherlands, pure and simple. Want your business to reach an unrivalled expat and international audience? Given this vulnerability, you can see the advantages of drawing wealth from outside the tiny Dutch Republic, and using it to shore up the newly established country against foreign control (while, of course, controlling other countries- but we’re not talking about morality or even ideological consistency here). Air pollutant mainly from industrial processes and automobiles, which have a wide range of contents. Making a quiz, and did not know to ask huge part of how the VOC occupied- part Company part... 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